Building-scale floodproofing

Prior studies have found that floodproofing and building-scale vulnerability reduction measures can effectively reduce local flood damages in many contexts. One example is house elevation: official guidance for homeowners, notably from FEMA, recommends elevating to the base food elevation (typically the 100 flood) plus a freeboard, but recent studies suggest scope for improvement. To help homeowners and local governments make better decisions about house elevation and other building-scale floodproofing measures, we are developing statistical models of flood hazard and loss, characterizing deep uncertainties, listening to stakeholders to understand their preferences, and searching for potential Pareto improvements.

Probabilistic modeling of hydroclimate extremes

Low-probability, high-impact events often dominate We are developing statistical tools to blend information across space (eg, from many locations), across time (eg, from multiple sources), and from different sources (eg, observations and climate models). We carefully quantify parametric uncertainties while characterizing the impact of deep uncertainties on our probabilistic estimates.

Distributed urban water treatment

Water systems in America, and around the world, are in decay, leading to three key challenges. First, aging and inadequate drinking water infrastructure jeopardizes human health, as exemplified by lead poisoning in Flint and Newark and hookworm outbreaks in Alabama. Second, outdated and insufficient wastewater treatment jeopardizes environmental (and thus also human) health. Finally, the costs of maintaining existing levels of service or better are already high and projected to grow dramatically as aging facilities near the end of their first life cycle and must be replaced, placing a burden on poor and middle class users. At the same time, new technologies for water treatment, system monitoring, and operation may enable innovative and distributed technologies like water re-use and rainwater harvesting. To address these needs, we are linking models of water distribution, water resources, and water finances to better understand how water systems can integrate emerging technologies to enhance sustainability, resilience, and cost-effectiveness.

Texas energy

Prior studies have found that floodproofing and building-scale vulnerability reduction measures can effectively reduce local flood damages in many contexts. One example is house elevation: official guidance for homeowners, notably from FEMA, recommends elevating to the base food elevation (typically the 100 flood) plus a freeboard, but recent studies suggest scope for improvement. To help homeowners and local governments make better decisions about house elevation and other building-scale floodproofing measures, we are developing statistical models of flood hazard and loss, characterizing deep uncertainties, listening to stakeholders to understand their preferences, and searching for potential Pareto improvements.